Skincare Routine Step by step
How to build a skincare routine?
I know it is sometimes very confusing to follow and build up a perfect skincare routine and to understand what to apply when to apply and after what.
It is a very difficult task to understand your skin and choose the right products. There are a variety of products available in the market and sometimes it is overwhelming.
But layering the products in the right way is most important because otherwise, a skincare routine won’t be effective in giving you that crystal clear skin.
So no need to worry anymore because I have simplified the whole process in the chart and will also explain the ingredients that you need to incorporate in your skincare routine depending on your skin type.
Make sure you are using the products in the same way as mentioned above and do not worry because I am also going to explain the logic behind this routine.
Wash your face two times every day. Include cleansing in both your A.M. and P.M. skincare routine.
It is important in the morning to get rid of all the stuff that you have used on your skin in the night and start with a fresh canvas. On the other hand, you have to wash your face also in the evening to get rid of all the makeup and impurities.
Girls I would like to stress on the point “Please remove your makeup before you go to sleep.”
Once you wash your face properly it becomes ready to absorb all the good ingredients that you are going to use afterward in the skincare routine.
In the night time skincare routine you might have to do double cleansing if you have heavy makeup on.
Just use micellar water or a cleansing oil that will dissolve all the makeup without stripping out the natural moisture of the skin. After that use a mild foaming cleanser like Neutrogena Pure mild facial cleanser or The Ordinary Squalane Cleanser.
The next step of the skincare routine will be toning your skin. This step actually is priming your skin so that the ingredients can be better absorbed and it helps in managing the skin’s pH.
The toners in the ’80s used to have a stinging sensation because toners back then used to be alcohol-based. But after the “Toner Revolution”, Toners nowadays are filled with hydrating ingredients like Hyaluronic Acid and other anti-aging ingredients like vitamin E and vitamin C.
Look for a toner with components like:
–BHA (Beta hydroxyl acid like salicylic acid) for oily skin.
–AHA (Alpha Hydroxy Acid like glycolic acid or lactic acid) for dry skin.
One more trick is that after toning your face wait for five minutes before applying anything else otherwise the acids will get neutralize. So you need to give it some time to work upon your skin and get absorbed.
You can try Re’equil Vitamin C face toner, The Body Shop Tea Tree Skin Clearing Mattifying Facial Toner, or Kiehl’s Calendula Herbal Extract Alcohol-free Toner.
The third step will be applying a serum. Because Serums are full of powerful ingredients like antioxidants, hydrators, and other nutrients in concentrated form.
These doses of essential nutrients help in treating major skin issues like dark spots and wrinkles.
Honestly, I started to use serums in my daily skincare routine two years back which I should have done long ago. But this one step has changed my skin.
I get compliments from people about how to get that clear skin. So this how :
While choosing serum look for ingredients like Hyaluronic Acid, Vitamin C, Peptides, Retinol, etc. There are few ingredients that need to be used in the morning and the others at night.
If this feels a bit confusing, let me help you out with the chart.
Some tips and pointers:
#Use multiple products if you want to address various issues. It is that you have to use multiple formulas, for example, you can use vitamin C for two days and hyaluronic acid for the rest of the days. Then again you can add on salicylic acid for reducing blemishes or hyperpigmentation.
#Do not mix serums with moisturizer. It should be applied one after one.
#Few active ingredients like retinol should not be used in the morning, because they react when exposed to sunlight.
Apply eye-cream after serum because eye-creams have very thin consistency as compared to moisturizer. So apply it before putting moisturizer so that it can penetrate into your skin properly.
As the eye area is very sensitive so choose an eye cream that soothes your skin and reduces puffiness. Caffeine is a good ingredient to look for in an eye cream.
Choose a hydrating eye cream for the night time skincare routine. As retinol can be harsh on the under-eye skin so I won’t recommend using it because under-eye skin is very delicate and sensitive.
Go for Clinique All About Eye Serum in the morning and Olay Brightening Eye Cream in the night.
Generally, spot treatment is done in the night time skincare routine, but it’s not compulsory. Because in case you are using retinol or any other acne controlling stuff so you cannot use the spot treatment at night.
So sometimes you can also do it in the daytime skincare routine before applying moisturizer.
For dark spots and acne marks
You can use niacinamide (Vitamin B3) to treat dark spots, acne marks, and even large open pores. Niacinamide is gentle on the skin and it slowly lightens the dark spots and pimple marks.
You can also use hydroquinone, but it is not very good on sensitive skin. So do not use hydroquinone every day, use it depending on how your skin takes it. On the other hand, you can use niacinamide every day because generally, these formulas are very gentle on skin.
Vitamin C is an antioxidant that helps in reducing wrinkles, dark spots, and dull skin tone. Vitamin C can be used in spot treatment because it targets the pigmented areas of the skin.
For active pimples
Go for ingredients like :
Salicylic acid helps in dissolving oil and also helps in getting rid of clogged pores and tiny bumps.
Essential oils like Tea tree oil and Witch Hazel.
Do not use everything together, pick anyone. Dab a little on the zits and wait till it dries off so that it gets to work on the designated area. After that go ahead and apply moisturizer.
Go for Neutrogena Rapid Clear Stubborn Acne Spot Gel and Clean & Clear Advantage Spot Treatment Gel.
Whether your skin is oily or dry or super sensitive, you have to use moisturizer. You cannot skip this step because there are moisturizers for all skin types.
Skin naturally loses the ability to retain the moisture and keep the hydration intact with aging. So always use moisturizer so that the hydration level can be always on check and also the aging process is slowed down.
Now one more tip is that your daytime moisturizer should be more lightweight and hyaluronic-based, it will not make your skin feel oily or greasy.
It should contain ingredients that will protect your skin from pollution and ultraviolet rays. You can go for a moisturizer with SPF as well.
On the contrary, your night-time moisturizer can be a bit heavier with lipids and proteins. It should contain the ingredients which replenish and repair your skin.
Depending on the type of skin you have to choose the moisturizer.
|Type of Skin||Type of Moisturizer||Recommendation|
|Normal||Choose a lotion base formula that is light-weight but hydrating. Look for ingredients like hyaluronic acid.||CeraVe Moisturizing Cream, Cetaphil Moisturizing lotion.|
|Dry||Choose a thick oil-based moisturizer. It should be highly emollient and rich. Look for ingredients like dimethicone, hyaluronic acid, and glycerin.||Tatcha the dewy skin Cream, The Body Shop Vitamin E Moisture Cream.|
|Oily||Choose a gel-based or water-based non-comedogenic moisturizer. Non-comedogenic ingredients won’t clog your pores and hence will help in not getting acne as well. Look for ingredients like Salicylic Acid.||L’Oreal Hydrafresh Deep Boosting Essence, Neutrogena Oil-free Moisture SPF 15, Neutrogena Hydro-boost Water Gel.|
|Sensitive||Choose a moisturizer that has soothing & calming ingredients and is fragrance-free. The texture should be creamy so that it can protect your skin from the irritants and allergens, to which your skin is sensitive.||Avène Skin Recovery Cream, Kiehl’s Ultra Facial Cream.|
|Combination||As different parts of the face have different needs, so choose a moisturizer that is light-weight and also is soothing and non-comedogenic.||Neutrogena Oil-free Moisturizer, Clinique Moisture Surge.|
This is for P.M. Skincare Routine.
Retinol is meant for sinking into your skin and trigger collagen production. So gradually you will get a rejuvenated and fresh skin without ant wrinkles.
It is a magical ingredient to include in your nighttime skincare routine because it targets a lot of issues together because it helps in getting you a new baby soft skin by exfoliating your skin.
Use it in the form of a serum or in a night cream. Give it some time and gradually it will show its effects.
It will fade away all your dark spots, smoothen your scars, brighten your skin, and prevent breakouts.
If your skin is too sensitive then definitely do a patch test and use a moisturizer before and after applying retinol.
This is the last step of the nighttime skincare routine because oils are always heavier than any other layer which we have used till now, so nothing can seep in through the oil but oil can seep in through the moisturizer or serums, etc.
Oils can really increase the efficiency of the other products which you have just used. Along with that, it makes your skin soft and smooth.
There are oils for every skin type.
Normal skin :
Oils that are not too heavy and have an average consistency helps for normal skin. For example Jojoba Oil, Marula Oil, and Coconut Oil. Coconut oil is a bit heavier than the rest two but it helps in nourishing your skin and is having anti-aging properties and slowly it seeps into your skin.
Dry Skin :
Extra Virgin coconut oil, almond oil, and Apricot kernel oil are good for dry skin type. They help in retaining the elasticity of the skin and even soothes your skin.
Oily skin :
Tea tree oil and grapeseed oil are good for oily skin because their texture is light and they do not clog the pores. Even grapeseed oil helps in controlling sebum production.
Tea tree oil has anti-bacterial properties that help in reducing pimples and unclog pores.
Sensitive skin :
Moringa oil and aloe vera oil. Moringa oil has anti-aging and anti-inflammatory properties. Aloe vera oil keeps your skin calm and also helps in acne breakouts.
Combination Skin :
Jojoba oil and flaxseed oil helps in reducing wrinkles, preventing acne, and also moisturize the dry areas of the skin.
This step is last in the morning skincare routine. Sunscreen does not actually mean to penetrate your skin, it acts as a cast to protect your skin from the UVA and UVB rays and pollution as well. Hands down it is the most important product in the skincare routine.
Go for a sunscreen with a rating of 30 or more than 30. If you have oily skin go for Dermafique Soleil Defense All Matte Sunscreen, SPF 50. It is a non-sticky and lightweight formula.
For dry skin, you can go for Neutrogena Ultra Sheer Sunblock Cream- SPF 50 PA+++.
Consistent use of sunscreen helps in preventing wrinkles and fine lines and in the long-term, it helps to prevent the formation of certain skin cancers as well.